Current State Mapping: Unveiling the Power of Building a Path to Operational Excellence

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For business analysts, process improvement managers, and project managers, the concept of mapping the current state of operations is an invaluable asset in the pursuit of organizational efficiency and optimization. But why is current state mapping so critical, and how does it lay the groundwork for creating the ideal state of a process or operation? This blog post explores the underpinnings of current state mapping techniques and their role in sculpting the future of successful businesses.

The Foundation of Current State Mapping

Current state mapping is a methodical approach used to capture and visualize the as-is process, system, or operational workflow. By dissecting the present condition of how tasks and activities are carried out within a business, one gains a transparent, detailed view of existing procedures, which can often be cluttered with inefficiencies and redundancies.

Why Is Current State Mapping Essential?

  • Clarity in Complexity: In a complex business environment, it’s easy to get lost in the intricacies of processes. Mapping the current state cuts through this complexity and offers a clear picture of what’s happening on the ground.
  • Baseline for Improvement: Without understanding where you stand, it’s difficult to chart a course for where you want to go. The current state serves as a baseline upon which improvements and innovations can be built.
  • Identify Waste and Bottlenecks: Current state maps highlight areas where resources are wasted and where bottlenecks are impeding the flow of work. This facilitates targeted strategies to improve efficiency.
  • Stakeholder Engagement: Engaging key stakeholders through visual depictions of the current state can foster a shared understanding and open up channels for insightful feedback.

Techniques for Documenting the Current State Process

To harness the full power of current state mapping, different techniques can be employed, each suitable for varying aspects of business functions:

  • Process Flowcharts: Traditional flowcharts capture the sequence of steps in a process, highlighting decision points and the flow of tasks from one stage to another.
  • Value Stream Mapping (VSM): VSM is crucial in lean management; it not only shows the flow of information and materials but also highlights value-adding as well as non-value-adding activities.
  • Swimlane Diagrams: These diagrams organize process steps into ‘lanes’ that represent different departments or roles, making it easier to pinpoint cross-departmental efficiencies and communication gaps.
  • SIPOC Diagrams (Suppliers, Inputs, Process, Outputs, Customers): SIPOC provides a high-level overview of the process, indicating the flow from suppliers through to the customers and all the elements in-between.


Bridging to the Ideal State

before and after in current state mapping

Current state mapping is only the first step. The insights gathered through these techniques pave the way for designing the desired ideal state—a roadmap that details the optimized process free from inefficiencies and poised to deliver maximum value.

Documenting the Ideal State

Once the current state is thoroughly analyzed and understood, the next phase is to document the ideal state. This involves:

  • Setting Clear Objectives: Define what success looks like, aligning it with the overall strategic goals of the organization.
  • Innovating Solutions: Ideate and propose solutions for the inefficiencies identified. This could involve restructuring teams, adopting new technologies, or redesigning workflows.
  • Considering Constraints: Balance the ideal against practical constraints such as budget limitations, resource availability, and technological capabilities.
  • Developing an Implementation Plan: A detailed plan is crucial to turn the ideal state into reality. This includes assigning responsibilities, setting timelines, and determining success metrics.

Bridging the Gap: Spotting Bottlenecks and Process Gaps through Comparative Mapping

After documenting the ideal state, the next critical step is to identify the differences between the current and ideal processes. This is where comparative mapping comes into play. Comparative mapping involves:

  • Identifying Bottlenecks: Analyze both the current and ideal state maps to pinpoint areas where the process slows down. These bottlenecks may arise from resource constraints, outdated technologies, or inefficient workflows.
  • Spotting Process Gaps: Look for discrepancies between the current process and the ideal. These gaps could be steps that are missing, unnecessary, or can be optimized for better efficiency.

To effectively identify bottlenecks and perform a gap analysis, a structured approach is necessary.

A gap analysis is a thorough method used to compare the current state of an organization’s processes, capabilities, or performance against the desired or optimal state. It aims to identify the gaps or differences between these two states, providing a clear understanding of what needs to be done to bridge these gaps. This analysis involves a detailed examination of the components, step-by-step actions, resources, and time required to move from the current situation to the envisioned future state. By highlighting both the strengths and weaknesses of current operations, a gap analysis not only points out areas needing improvement but also helps in prioritizing initiatives based on their potential impact on achieving organizational goals.

To effectively identify bottlenecks and perform a gap analysis, a structured approach is necessary. This involves a series of steps to meticulously examine and compare the current operational processes against the envisioned ideal state. The primary steps include:


Data Collection and Analysis

To enhance operational efficiency and drive continuous improvement, it is crucial to collect a wide range of detailed information related to the current processes. This encompasses thorough workflow documentation outlining each step and interaction, performance metrics to gauge effectiveness, and valuable stakeholder feedback to understand perspectives and areas for enhancement.


Workflow Visualization

To enhance operational efficiency, it is recommended to make use of flowcharts or process mapping tools. These tools enable the creation of visual representations depicting both the current processes and the desired ideal processes. By visually comparing the two, any bottlenecks or inefficiencies within the workflow can be readily identified, facilitating targeted improvements for increased productivity and effectiveness.


Engage Stakeholders

The engagement of cross-functional teams, comprising individuals from diverse departments and skill sets, plays a pivotal role in fostering a comprehensive understanding of processes within an organization. This collaborative approach not only promotes a holistic view but also facilitates the identification of pain points through the lens of different perspectives, ultimately leading to more effective problem-solving and innovation.


Identify and Prioritize Bottlenecks

To effectively enhance operational efficiency, it is crucial to utilize the gathered information to identify and pinpoint the specific areas within the processes where bottlenecks occur. These bottlenecks should then be meticulously ranked according to their impact on various key aspects, including process efficiency, customer satisfaction levels, and alignment with organizational goals and objectives.


Conduct a Gap Analysis

To effectively compare the current process map with the ideal one, lay them out side by side to emphasize any discrepancies. This analysis entails meticulously examining for missing steps, identifying unnecessary procedures, and pinpointing potential areas for enhancement and optimization.

By following these steps diligently, organizations can uncover the root causes of process inefficiencies and develop actionable strategies to address them, paving the way for operational excellence. Furthermore, this approach enables organizations to proactively identify potential bottlenecks and implement preventive measures to avoid disruptions in the future.

Unlock the full potential of your business processes with our comprehensive Gap Analysis Template. This easy-to-use template guides you through identifying and bridging the gaps in your organizational processes, ensuring you’re not just meeting but exceeding your operational goals.

gap analysis preview for current state mapping

Download the Free "Gap Analysis" Template (PDF)

Strategies for Prioritizing and Addressing Identified Gaps

Once bottlenecks and process gaps have been identified, prioritizing and addressing them is crucial for moving towards the ideal state. Effective strategies include:

  • Prioritization Based on Impact: Assess the identified gaps based on their potential impact on the organization’s objectives. Focus on ones that, when addressed, would yield significant benefits in terms of efficiency, cost reduction, or customer satisfaction.
  • Incremental Improvements: Implement changes in small, manageable steps. This approach helps in minimizing disruptions and allows for adjustments based on feedback and outcomes.
  • Engage Stakeholders: Involvement of stakeholders, including those who are part of the process and the leadership team, is vital. Their insights can provide valuable perspectives on practical challenges and potential solutions.
  • Leverage Technology: Consider adopting or upgrading technology solutions that can automate repetitive tasks, facilitate communication, and streamline workflows, thus closing the gaps more efficiently.

By employing comparative mapping and these strategic approaches, organizations can effectively bridge the gap between the current state and the ideal, leading to processes that are lean, efficient, and aligned with strategic goals.



The methodology of current state mapping is more than just a diagnostic tool—it is an essential component for any change management initiative, providing the necessary context for envisioning an optimized future. Through systematic analysis, visualization techniques, and stakeholder involvement, it lays down the foundational knowledge from which an actionable and successful route to the ideal state can be plotted.


Change is incessant, but it does not have to be insurmountable. With a solid understanding of current state mapping, business analysts, process improvement managers, and project managers are better equipped to steer their organizations towards greater heights of operational excellence.

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Thomas West, MBB

I am passionate about helping organizations get better, by helping people be their best. My role as an ASQ Lean Six Sigma Master Black Belt is to coach and mentor others to become creative problem-solvers and passionate change agents. This can only be achieved by giving others the tools, skills, and mindset they need to make and lead change.